Brain Structures & Functions

Counsel from Rancho Santa Fe Brain Injury Lawyers

As the brain is the control system for all of your body's functions, damage to it could result in injuries with symptoms that appear in other parts of the body like an arm or the stomach, rather than the head. Understanding how the brain works and what side effects occur from damage can help you identify if you have suffered a brain injury. The information here should be used to suggest to your doctor that you may have a brain injury-not to diagnose yourself. If you even suspect that you have a brain injury you should always consult with a medical expert.

After discovering you have a brain injury, call (858) 247-3828 to speak with our Rancho Santa Fe brain injury attorneys about legal recourse.

Brain Overview

The brain is responsible for processing thought, smell, vision, memory, and touch. Head trauma can impact any of these functions and possibly leave the victim disabled. Below we overview the structures of the brain and their various functions. If you have an approximate guess as to what part of the brain is damaged, you may be able to help a doctor identify the injury faster.

Brain Stem

The brain stem is connected to the spinal cord and is responsible for relaying sensations to the brain. Individuals who have experienced damage to the brain stem may lose feeling in certain parts of their bodies, and may even become paralyzed. Heart rate and breathing are also regulated by this area. If you noticed any irregularities in your heart or are having trouble breathing, consider having a doctor examine the brain stem.


The cerebrum consists of four lobes, each controlling different functions in the brain. Damage to this area can manifest many different symptoms throughout the body.

Overview of the Cerebrum lobs:

  • Frontal lobe - This lobe controls personality and reasoning. If someone's behavior has seemed strange after trauma to the head, their frontal lobe could have been damaged.
  • Temporal lobe - Memories are stored in this area. Keep an eye out if a victim of an accident has trouble recalling things, or difficulty speaking, as these could both be signs of a temporal lobe damage.
  • Parietal lobe - The parietal lobe interprets sensory input, helping people recognize touch sensations and sight.
  • Occipital lobe - Visual stimuli are interpreted here. If someone has trouble seeing, but their eyes are fine, ask a doctor to examine the occipital lobe.


The cerebellum is located in the back of the brain. Its job is to control coordination and muscle movement. When someone has suffered a blow to the back of the head, they may have trouble standing or keeping balance. Involuntary muscle spasms might also occur. These are all symptoms of damage to the cerebellum.


This area of the brain controls appetite, body temperature, emotions, and sleep. Mood swings and loss of appetite are common indicators of a head injury that impacted the diencephalon. Another symptom is unprompted insomnia or drowsiness.

Ready to Consult with an Expert? Call Today!

If you are in need of a doctor capable of identifying head trauma, contact our Rancho Santa Fe brain injury lawyers for help. We have worked with numerous others who have experienced these injuries and are familiar with local medical professionals that have experience with these accidents.

Even if your injury did not cause brain damage, we can review the circumstances of your accident to determine if you have grounds to pursue a personal injury lawsuit.

For a free consultation with a legal professional regarding brain injuries, call (858) 247-3828.

Let Us Stand Up for Your Rights

    • Please enter your name.
    • This isn't a valid phone number.
      Please enter your phone number.
    • This isn't a valid email address.
      Please enter your email address.
    • Please make a selection.
    • Please enter a message.